Each of us can catch a mushroom. It is an infectious disease that ranges from a sick person to a healthy person and usually affects the nails and skin. If the nail plate has changed, started to crumble, changed color, it means that an infection has occurred and onychomycosis has developed. It affects 20% of the world's adult population.
Most people have no idea what onichomycosis is and how dangerous it is. It is altered by pathogenic microorganisms that penetrate the structure of the nail. In addition to the aesthetic problem, fungi are able to poison the whole body with toxins. This leads to allergic reactions, decreased body protective functions and disease of the internal organs.
Nail fungus can only be infected under favorable conditions. Normally, the skin has an acidic environment that prevents the penetration of various infections. If its pH has changed to an alkaline direction for some reason, the growth and growth of pathogenic organisms will increase dramatically.
A humid environment also promotes infection. A person can become infected if personal hygiene or simple rules of conduct in public places are not followed. Dead scales on a patient's skin or nails are a source of infection.The causes of nail fungus can be:
The infection first occurs in a small area of the nail, usually at the edge. The inflammatory process then intensifies and spreads to other zones or penetrates deeper into the nail plate. The sooner you find nail fungus, the easier it can be cured. Therefore, at the first sign, treatment should be started immediately.
Not only a professional but also the patient himself can diagnose onychomycosis in one person. The main signs of nail fungus are:
It is important to identify the disease in time to avoid further spread to other parts of the legs and fingers. Your doctor will be able to correctly assess the extent of your fungal infection and prescribe appropriate treatment.
The mushroom has 3 stages:
Post-stage 3 complications are characterized by exfoliation of keratinocytes from the growth bed. This condition is accompanied by severe pain and an unpleasant odor. The incubation period of the nail fungus is 3 weeks, after which it is possible to diagnose the disease and start antifungal treatment.
In onychomycosis, several types of fungi are diagnosed.
How to get rid of nail fungus quickly and permanently worries many patients. Treatment for onychomycosis in the early stages does not take long. Can be treated with local antifungal agents. They spread deep in the stratum corneum and inhibit the growth and reproduction of pathogenic fungi. Such a treatment will be effective if a small area of the nail plate is affected, up to 1/3.
Nail polish varnishes have positive healing properties. They are liquid in texture, easy to apply and penetrate small cracks in the nail. When applied, the varnish is immediately absorbed and dries to form a durable film. It prevents oxygen from entering the nail, thereby stopping the fungus from growing and multiplying.
Use once a day. It is problematic to remove varnish from the surface of the nail plate, which allows the infection to be effectively influenced.
Antifungal drugs, creams and ointments can also be used. They are more effective than varnishes and are used to detect stage 2 disease. You must remove the damaged surface of the nail plate before applying the cream.
Apply cream or ointment twice a day and cover the affected area with a small amount. After applying the cream, the infected area should be plastered to achieve maximum effect.
Methods of treating onychomycosis depend on the degree of neglect and the form identified. It only takes place under the supervision of a doctor, as drugs for fungal infections are very toxic. The specialist examines the patient and takes a small piece of nail to determine the type of fungus for laboratory research. In the event that the disease has caught all the nail platinum and the fungus has progressed for more than a year, a complex treatment is prescribed that includes topical and internal use of the drugs.
Oral systemic antibiotics have been shown to be useful in the treatment of fungal infections. Such drugs, in combination with ointments, deprive the fungus of the ability to grow deep into the nail and stop the growth of colonies. This type of treatment is long lasting and lasts for about a year.
Medicine does not stop there, and effective methods are constantly being developed and applied to fight fungal diseases. In 2010, new methods for treating onychomycosis emerged. Photodynamic treatment of fungal-infected nail plates as well as laser treatment of special "nail" lasers in combination with antimicrobial agents results in a tangible positive effect and shortens the healing time.
The peculiarity of laser therapy is that the fungus is exposed to a temperature of 70 degrees at which the spores of the fungus are killed and the main source of the spread of the disease is the mycelium.
Laser treatment does not affect the healthy skin around the nail, it only affects fungal organisms that are killed within a few sessions.
You can try to cope with the disease at home. The treatment should be started with soap and soda baths that soften the nail plate. It should be cleaned from the stratum corneum with a manicure file. Such bathing and cleaning should be done once a week for 6 months. The affected area should be treated with tea tree oil. To enhance the therapeutic effect, the infected nail plate can be glued with glue after applying a swab soaked in equal proportions with lavender and tea oils.
Traditional methods of treating nail fungus are varied and most often produce positive and rapid results, provided the disease is in its early stages.The most effective are:
Treating nail fungus is a long process. Regardless of which therapy you choose, you need to be patient and use the medications prescribed by your doctor regularly. Preventive measures to prevent re-infection should not be forgotten either.
Only one doctor will decide on the treatment of nail fungus after a thorough examination of the patient and the results of laboratory tests. Medicines should be used for prophylactic purposes to avoid re-infection of the fungus. Monitor the condition of your nails and skin, if you notice the first signs of the disease, consult a specialist immediately.Remember that in the early stages, the fungus heals quickly and efficiently.