Nail fungus: the treatment of advanced forms, symptoms, signs

Nail fungus (onychomycosis) is a dangerous disease which in early stages can occur with implicit symptoms. Fungal disease capable not only of destroying the surface of the nail plate, they also cause uncomfortable pain and running form lead to abnormalities of the soft tissues. Onychomycosis is rapidly spreading to healthy nails, hands and feet and is a danger to other people. So if you detect the color change and other anomalous manifestations in the field of nail plates, you should immediately make an appointment with a dermatologist or mycologist.

Symptoms of fungal infections

fungus on your feet

That you have a fungus, based on the following characteristics:

  • Nails rough and brittle.
  • Deformation of the shape of the nail.
  • Inflammation of the tissue around the nail.
  • Delamination or thinning/thickening of the nails.
  • Dull and opaque nails can have brown, black or yellow areas.

Ways of infection with onychomycosis

In people with good immunity and healthy skin when hygiene the risk of Contracting a fungal infection, is small. Mycoses of different origin, the impact on the body through abrasions, cuts, hypertrophied areas of the skin and nails. The growth of pathogenic gut flora can cause excessive sweating, dry skin, and wearing tight shoes.

  • On varicose veins.
  • Reduce immunity.
  • Frostbite of the extremities.
  • Wearing rubber boots and sweating.
  • The endocrine and the circulatory system.
  • Close contact with patients with onychomycosis.
  • Flat feet and the narrowness of the interdigital spaces.

The risk of fungus

Nail fungus never goes away. Penetrates into the nail plate, the disease slowly destroys the hard shell nail, and then the fabric. In the advanced stage of nail fungus cause allergic reactions, poisoning, and even damage to internal organs. Treatment of onychomycosis requires the use of complex therapeutic interventions.

Diagnosis and treatment

In most cases of fungal nail disease caused by dermatophytes, less common molds and fungus yeast. For the diagnosis "onychomycosis" and the selection of optimal drug mycologist or a dermatologist sent the patient for laboratory diagnosis. Scrape the affected nail will help to determine the presence and genus of fungal infection.

Because most anti-fungal medicines that contain the active terbinafine, sertaconazole, ketoconazole, to prevent adverse reactions, the selection and use of drugs, it is advisable to coordinate with your doctor.

Drugs in onychomycosis

  1. Local agents – medicinal creams, ointments and patches for home use;
  2. Systemic medications intended for oral use.