According to statistics, onychomycosis quarter of the world's population, at the patients from 35 to 75 years. Most often affects the thumb nail, due to the high risk of injury. Early treatment of nail fungus on big toe at home helps you to quickly get rid of the disease and prevent relapses in the future.
Nail fungus on the big toe of the difficult therapeutic actions in 70% of cases, after the treatment of the disease, returned. The infection brings discomfort, but not life-threatening.
The main danger is that the survival of a fungal parasite, which is introduced in the human cells. It may long remain latent, and manifest only under favorable factors.
We are talking about reducing immunity due to:
Also the fungus on the big toe can occur in women during pregnancy, lactation, disorders of menopause, and other hormonal disorders.
At risk people who are often in a humid environment, a visit to the gym, swimming pools, saunas and baths. The fungus is transmitted by wearing someone else shoes, personal belongings, common sanitary facilities. In 30% of cases the cause of the infection get the pedicure implement of non-sterile instruments.
Particularly prone to onychomycosis of the elderly. Age changes occur in the bones, tissues, changes in the acid balance, which leads to a rapid penetration and spread of the infection.
The symptoms increase as the penetration of the infection into the layers of the epidermis, itching, burning, skin peel, or crack, over time, open centers.
The nail plate is modified, thickens, and destroys the stratum corneum, appears yellow, the color becomes non-uniform. Gradually the surface of the nail is painted in grey or yellow. Without treatment, the plate is deformed and crumbly, completely deviates from the nail bed.
The clinical picture of nail fungus on the big toes of the feet depends on the variety of the causative agent of the disease:
Depending on the stage of destructive changes is characterized by the stage of the infection by the fungus. In the early stages, with careful inspection, you may notice a thin, whitish dots or stripes.
In the second phase of the fungal plates lose healthy appearance, thicken, change color. There is a unpleasant odor. The skin around the nail becomes inflamed, the nail swells.
Photos of nail fungus on my big toe in the third stage shows how the exterior develops hypertrophic onychomycosis – the nail Polish is completely different from the bed, changes color, becomes brittle, to crumble. Appear on the skin, open sores, which lead in the merger of a bacterial infection.
Atrophic onychomycosis leads to keratinization of the skin, the fungus quickly spreads to other parts of the body, deep inside, it becomes chronic. High risk for infection of others.
For obvious signs of nail fungus thumb must include the thickening of the nail plate, ingrown nail shaft in it, swelling and redness of the skin, purulent discharge in the corners of the plate. This results in the unpleasant odor, discomfort when walking.
If pathogens got into the body, the pathogenic flora is divided into the deeper layers of the epidermis, affecting the nails, skin, and then even the foot of man. If the input port to the fungus serves as the plate of the big toe, the infection takes root in accordance with it.
Medical therapy includes a holistic approach for the elimination of the mycelium (body of the fungus) in the depth of the nail: the disinfection of the plate, the regeneration of tissues, strengthens the body's defenses.
Systemic treatment for nail fungus on the big toe is marked by a great defeat of the structural elements of the nail plate.
Drug treatment is recommended to complement the course of immunostimulatory drugs and vitamin – preparations folic acid, magnesium, iron, selenium, zinc, b vitamins.
Treatment of fungus on the big toe can be carried out with the help of external use. For this approach a number of sprays, ointments, varnishes, emulsions, creams, gels, patches and tools for the removal of the nail plate.
It is recommended that you use the nail Polish from the fungus according to the hortus will be-salt bath before bedtime, for quality of penetration of the therapeutic component in the damaged area. The nail plate, prior to the use of the medicinal product must be clean and dry.
The use of antifungal agents in the form of solutions and sprays have been shown to prevent the spread of infection to healthy nails and skin of feet. The duration of treatment is from a few months up to one year. In addition to the antifungal treatment uses medical plasters. Stuck to the dry cleaning of the nail area before I go to sleep, in the morning, the damaged disc is removed with scissors.
For the treatment of diseases of folk remedies is possible in the initial phase of infection of the patient, in an advanced form, require a comprehensive therapy.
To completely get rid of the disease by surgery. This method provides the recovery and have no side effects. The operation is as follows – finger, processed, antiseptic formulations, introduced the waistband, which is carried out in anesthesia with lidocaine. Then the nail plate is removed using surgical instruments, the bed is clean, of dead tissue, treated with a solution of iodine and apply compression with an antiseptic.
To prevent the disease struck again, it is important to carefully follow the rules of personal hygiene: wear shoes in the sizes constantly change socks, disinfect and clean the shoes before the dirt. Seasonal, it is important to strengthen the immune system, a balanced diet, exercise.
The beginning the disease is easy to treat nail fungus on the big toe will require a lot of time, effort and financial costs. Take care of your health, do not neglect preventive methods and not self-treatment. When the first signs of onychomycosis see your doctor, who will help you build an optimal scheme of treatment and will tell you how and what to treat nail fungus on my big toe.