Every third person on earth is faced with the same problem as delamination and crumbling of the nail, a plastic plate is onychomycosis. The disease affects different age groups. Nail fungus (photo below), it spreads quickly and adapts to new conditions. Consider the main factors that influence the formation, types and treatments for fungus.
Onychomycosis – a disease which destroys the nail plate. The fungus eats keratin – building the foundation of the nail. Infections occur in the extracellular space and begins its section. In the advanced stage of the pathology can affect the skin on the legs, in the area between the toes, the heel.
You can get infected with onychomycosis easy enough. The infection can lurk on the beach, public shower, or pool. A high probability of catching a fungus from infected relatives or friends (with the use of common tools of everyday life).
There are several reasons that can trigger the virus spread in the human body:
Nail fungus, which starts in the big toes. In addition, the virus can develop on the little finger.
Onychomycosis can cause several types of fungi. Dermatophytes, for example, shows in the form of opacities of the nail. Observed the formation of yellow stains on the edges or in the middle of the panels. In addition, there may be a longitudinal strip along the affected area.
The yeast fungus causes the deformation of the nail plate. This is very thin and starts to move away from its place, it becomes gray. Metabolism of injured cells worsens, the nail shaft of the wrinkles appear. In addition, the surrounding epidermis appears inflammation, swelling, redness, noticed the disappearance of the nail of the skin.
Mold bacteria can damage the nail plate, if there are already diseases that cause malnutrition nails. Also in this case, the clouding of the plates, changing color (from bright yellow and green to brown and even black).
Mold, fungus does not penetrate far into the nail, which is still in the surface layers.
To find out the cause and the causative agent of negative changes in the skin and nails, you need to see a specialist. Self-definition of the disease and its treatment without consultation with a physician, can be fraught with consequences.
Fungal infections of the nail affect the healthy cells gradually. The disease has several stages of development, each of which has their own special events. How the development of the fungus in the different forms, shown in the photo.
The first phase of the onychomycosis (normotroficheskie) it is not surprising manifestations. In most cases, the hidden flows. The first signs of a toenail is a bit dim, change the color, microcracks and yellow spots in the form of a circle, is the tuberosity. Budding fungi may be accompanied by itching and burning sensation. To correctly detect the infection in its initial stages is difficult as symptoms are similar with other diseases (psoriasis, diseases of the liver).
If time does not begin treatment, the disease will move to the next level . The nail becomes thick, dark. The deformation of the plate, its crushing and destruction.
The current form of nail disease is manifested by severe thinning of the nail plate, which leads to further rejection. The surrounding skin turns blue, is the unpleasant odor.
In the case of infections concomitant infection can be purulent process.
Onychomycosis affects the toenails, rarely suffer hands. The disease starts with the thumb and little finger (raised outer edge), gradually hitting all of the plate.
For the determination of the fungal infection will help the leading symptoms of onychomycosis:
If you want to know how to recognize the disease in the initial stage, you can see the main symptoms of nail fungus in the photo. This will, at least approximately, to understand how the development of the infection, and in the case of detection of similar symptoms, consult your doctor.
Treatment of onychomycosis depends on the degree of neglect and the individual characteristics of the disease. Treatment should be comprehensive and consists of medicines and complementary techniques of traditional medicine.
Beginner fungus responds well to topical treatment.
Medications to penetrate deep into the infected tissue. They are fighting with fungus not only in the thickness of the nail, but also to eliminate the infection that has spread to the foot, the heel, the area between the fingers.
In the advanced stage of onychomycosis local treatment of the need to strengthen systemic medications (for internal use). Drugs are designed in the form of tablets or capsules, and the impact on fungal pathology from the inside.
Medication prescribed by a doctor, according to the characteristics of the disease, its type and degree of negligence. Self-treatment is excluded, as the uncontrolled intake of medicines which is harmful for health.
Nail mycosis can be treated and pet-friendly ways. Folk remedies, which are good helpers in the treatment of the disease.
In 2 litres of warm water (37 degrees) is mixed with 5 tablespoons. 9% vinegar. Feet must fly in such a solution at least half an hour. Next, with a nail file to clean off the softened Horny layer of the nail, and float to treat the affected areas on the feet and between the fingers. After such manipulations it is advisable to use an antifungal cream or solution. The procedure is done regularly (1-2 times per day) for months.
Damaged nails should be lubricated before bed, bandaged and left for the night. In the morning, remove the bandage, clean the nail from the dead layer of skin, and again drop by drop tea tree oil, but not to roll. Treatment is important to continues until, until you start the growth of a healthy nail.
A damaged nail plate has to be 2-times a day lubricate the 5% solution of iodine. Therapy lasts at least 3 weeks. In this widely used pharmacy medication drugs at the outdoor and indoor, prescribed by a physician.
Before each manipulation of the people's pharmacy or with the help of the leg you need to steam or in the soda salt solution to remove the Horny layer. Careful preparation of the plates to the procedure, which allows the drugs to penetrate deeper into the affected layers and to more effectively fight infection.
The fight against the fungal infection process is complex. If the disease is diagnosed in a child, treatment should appoint only a doctor, because most antifungal drugs are toxic and can cause in children, severe allergic reactions.
As for folk remedies in the treatment of nail fungus in children, experts do not recommend using them as primary treatment. Baths, lotions and rubbing can remove the symptoms, but the infection remains inside. Therefore, the treatment of onychomycosis in a child should be medically and strictly coordinated with the physician.
Fungal infections of the nail, for a long time, it may appear vague symptoms, and the patient can immediately pay attention to them. Usually treatment begins with the obvious signs of the disease (thickening and clouding of the nail plate, crumbling her and reject out of bed). It is important to prevent the severe stages of, and immediately seek medical help. Combination therapy helps to eliminate fungus and prevent adverse complications.