Fungus on the feet: to look and how to deal with athlete's foot

Athlete's foot or foot fungus is one of the most common forms of skin diseases treatment. According to statistics, every third man at least once in his life faced with a similar damage to the skin. Mycosis refers to contagious diseases, therefore it should be treated as soon as possible.

Features of the disease

Statistics show that about one-third of the world population suffers from foot fungus. All fungal infections of the skin, this form of the disease is the most common. You can be infected with the fungus at any age. About 20% of patients are children and young people, about 40 percent, the elderly and patients with diabetes.

Fungal infection provokes the development of erysipelas of the foot. This diminishes local cell-mediated immunity and complicate treatment. Real-time detection of a fungal disease well enough it is treatable, but the treatment of advanced forms of the fungus can drag on for months.

Timely treatment is often hampered by the lack of clear symptoms. The initial stage of the fungus appeared in the small dryness and peeling of the skin, what many people do not pay enough attention to the assumption that the problems will pass by itself. As a result, the fungus is not treated, the disease progresses, and after some time often causes specific symptoms.

initial signs of

Pathogens:

  • Trichophyton rubrum;
  • Trichophyton mentagrophytes;
  • Epidermophyton floccosum;
  • the yeast fungi.

Secondly, the prevalence of the infection is Trichophyton mentagrophytes. This mycosis is characterized by severe symptoms, but treated quickly enough the right choice of treatment.

A rare form of mycosis caused by Epidermophyton floccosum, and yeast (yeast) fungus. Treatment in these cases depends on the stage of the disease. Infection prevent yeast-like fungi is rarely an independent disease, usually in the form of infection is the most common in nature, that is affects various areas of skin, including the feet and nails.

How to get a mushroom?

You can be infected by fungus on the feet simply a violation of the rules of personal hygiene and visiting public places with high humidity. The fungus lives where it is humid and hot. He loves the pool, public showers, gyms. The fungus dies only with prolonged boiling. It is found in a public sauna, where the temperature is between 60-70C because at that temperature the spores do not die.

The fungus can cause:

  • a visit to a public shower without Slippers;
  • failure to comply personal hygiene in the sauna or swimming pool;
  • try someone else's shoes;
  • walk barefoot on other people's mats.

People infected with the fungus, it is potentially dangerous environment. The fact that the spores live in the upper layers of the epidermis. Every day thousands of cells, human skin and do not shed into the environment. Infection with a fungus of the skin to retain the spores of the fungus for a long time. Thus, the skin cells of the legs fell in the carpet and remain in the thick pile. When family members or guests are on the carpet barefoot, the spores from the skin. As a result there is a high risk of developing a fungal infection. The same happened when I tried someone else's shoes, such disputes will long remain viable. It is proved that the spores of the fungus on the shoes can stay active year.

Communal shower in a gym, public pool or sauna is a real hotbed of fungal infection. Because of the constant humidity and hot climate, the fungus in such circumstances, can live a very long time. It is necessary to take a shower without Slippers, how to skin the dispute of pathogenic microflora. Symptoms begin to occur immediately, because immunity may long hinder the development of infection, but after a few weeks or months to appear the first signs.

where to get

Risk factors

Despite the high infection, athlete's foot develops, not for everyone. This is due to the activity of the immune system. A strong and healthy body can overcome the fungal infection and prevent its spread. At the same time, often on the contrary – the human immune system for a long time trying to be a fungus, and it is possible to months, but then the stress of SARS or other internal fault, and the fungal infection begins to progress quickly.

Risk factors:

  • sweating;
  • lack of personal hygiene;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • taking certain medicines;
  • often stress;
  • the presence of chronic dermatological diseases.

All these States have in one way or another affects the immune system.

Profuse sweating and poor personal hygiene create ideal conditions for the development of the fungus and reduce the local immunity. Sweat to promote fast tell you different pathogenic micro-organisms, including fungal microflora. Inadequate hygiene of the feet, choose socks made of synthetic fabric, tight and closed shoes to accelerate the development of fungal infection and destruction of the epidermis.

Hormonal disturbances lead to a decrease in General immunity. Fungal infection are highly susceptible adolescents. Since the restructuring of the hormonal system, they are already for some time, the decline of the immune system and excessive sweating, which provides ideal conditions for the growth and reproduction of pathogenic micro-organisms.

Reduced immunity also contribute to the intake of certain medications. This occurs on the background of long-term treatment with antibiotics and corticosteroids. Stress, chronic fatigue, disorder of the nervous system — all increase the vulnerability of the organism before the activity of pathogenic micro-organisms.

Increase the risk of infection can be:

  • wearing too narrow a Shoe;
  • the occurrence of ingrown nails;
  • abrasions and ulcers of the legs;
  • vascular disease;
  • diabetes.

When vascular disease and diabetes there is a violation of blood circulation in the lower extremities. This reduces local immunity and increases the risk of fungal infection.

mushroom

Clinical forms and symptoms

Symptoms of foot fungus can be divided into General and special, characterized by a certain clinical forms of the disease.

Looks like a sponge the foot, describe the common symptoms:

  • itching of the skin;
  • peeling of the skin;
  • the formation of cracks;
  • change the skin to the affected area;
  • smell;
  • discomfort when walking.

The exact changes of the epidermis depend on the form of the disease. They can affect both the color and density of the skin in the affected area.

There are five main clinical forms of athlete's foot:

  • between the fingers;
  • deep;
  • vesicular;
  • base;
  • similar to yeast or removed.

The most common fungal damage in the feet is toe fungus. The disease manifests itself in peeling skin toes apart. The disorder is usually a capture space between the 3 and the 4 both 4 and 5 toes. Specific symptoms of this form of the disease:

  • affects only the skin between the toes;
  • strong peeling and separation of the scale;
  • light (white or gray) color of the keratinized skin;
  • exfoliation of the epidermis;
  • cracks and sores.

Timely treatment, the symptoms of foot fungus are fast enough, if you know how to treat the affected foot.

fungus-on-feet

Profound form of mycosis is complex toes in the form of disease. Develops in the absence of timely treatment. Characteristic symptoms – deep cracks between the toes, lose the front foot, the accession of secondary infection. Erosions and ulcers are infected by pathogenic microbes, accession staph infection provokes the appearance of ulcers. Without treatment, the pathological process extends to the whole of the foot, is marked suppuration, the person becomes more painful to walk.

Infection by the fungus Trichophyton mentagrophytes causes the development of vesicular dishydrotic or forms of the fungus. The disease is characterized by the following features:

  • affect the bottom, leather ankle, toes;
  • the skin swells, reddens;
  • the affected area is formed by small red blisters;
  • itching and burning sensation.

This form of fungal infection in many ways resembles a severe allergic reaction or contact dermatitis. Often there is a secondary infection, then the affected area appear small blisters, filled with pus. Despite the scary symptoms of this form of the disease is successfully treated. Timely treatment allows to get rid of symptoms for 2-3 weeks.

One of the most severe clinical forms of mycoses is chromophytosis the soles of the feet. The disease causes a fungus of the genus Trichophyton rubrum. The disease manifests itself in severe peeling. Area of peeling is formed of thick keratinized. Because of poor blood circulation the skin becomes blue or livid hue. This disease affects the entire base, this fungus foot in the photo looks very recognizable, so the diagnosis is not a problem. When the soles in the form of severe itching, pain and burning sensation, when walking, looks sharp unpleasant smell of feet. This form of the disease treated for a long time.

The easiest form of defeat is wiped out. It is also called the mixed form of the disease. Most often provokes similar to the yeast fungus. Symptoms of this form of the disease are mild and often go away without treatment. During infection similar to a yeast infection, is significant, flaking and itching between the toes, unpleasant smell of feet, perhaps redness of the skin. Rapid treatment allows you to completely get rid of the disease for 10-15 days.

The principle of treatment

When you see the peeling of the extremities for the treatment of fungus on the feet and legs should start immediately. Advanced forms of the disease difficult treatment, a full recovery of the skin may take more than six months.

Fungal infection, children and adults requires a holistic approach, you must first figure out what the fungus-induced inflammation and skin damage to the foot. It is necessary to consult a dermatologist. The doctor took a scraping of the skin to determine the causative agent, and the results of the analysis is to choose the optimal treatment.

When the sponge is practiced in the complex treatment, which includes:

  • antiseptic treatment of the foot;
  • the application of topical treatments;
  • pills;
  • hardware procedures.

Complementary treatment can be a traditional medicine. After the treatment it is important to carefully monitor hygiene, to abandon the synthetic socks and too tight shoes.

treatment

Folk remedies

Traditional treatment method can only be used as an extra tool. The main method of treatment of fungal folk remedies are ineffective, but they can improve the therapeutic effect of drugs.

First apply the bath. They have antifungal activity and steam the skin, improves the penetration of ingredients of the creams and solutions to the fungus in the deeper layers of the skin. Trays can be made according to the following recipes.

  1. Add a bowl of water 4 tablespoons vinegar and steam the legs for 15 minutes.
  2. 4 liters of water take two tablespoons of salt, soda and iodine solution.
  3. Add to foot bath, boric acid powder at the rate of 10 g per 2 liters of water.
  4. Four tablespoons of soap tar dissolved in a basin of hot water, add half a Cup of baking soda.
  5. Tub with water and add 100 g of soda and the juice of one lemon. Fresh juice you can substitute 10 drops of lemon essential oil.

Baths should be done daily throughout the treatment period. They are recommended for use before antifungals.

When foot fungus, you can use the creams. Accelerate the recovery of the help of tincture of propolis. It is a mix of flat with water, and then soak in the resulting solution with a cotton swab and treat the skin of the feet. In the same way, you can apply the oil and celandine extract, essential oil of tea tree, boric acid solution.

Useful tips

Quickly cure fungus on your feet, you need to carefully follow the footsteps. In the first place is that the hygiene of the foot. It is necessary to repeatedly wash the feet always dry. It is important to remember that the humid environment promotes the spread of fungal infection. Wash your feet, it is better to use economic or tar soap.

All the means for external use is applied only on clean and dry skin. The components of the ointment to penetrate better into the epidermis, it is recommended before the procedure to steam the legs, making the tray.

In order to avoid re-infection, it is necessary to carefully monitor the cleanliness of socks and shoes. Socks it is recommended to boil the soap, shoes processing specific solutions. The treatment of footwear, you can use an antiseptic or a special spray to Prevent Fungus.

After a shower it is necessary to thoroughly disinfect the tub. It is recommended to give up the carpet, because they can accumulate in the spores of the fungal infection.

14.08.2018