Foot fungus is extremely uncomfortable and very common infectious disease. According to statistics, every fifth man in the world at least once in life discovers the symptoms of a fungal infection. The prevalence of the fungus only interfere with the body resistance, as well as the progress of modern medicine. Athlete's foot can be cured, it is only important to detect the disease and start the proper treatment.
Fungal skin diseases (mycoses) often occur due to weakened immunity. The human body unable to defend against infectious agents, is susceptible to various diseases. This not only affects the internal organs. Changes in local immunity results in an increased permeability of the skin. The skin can no longer fulfil its protective function and cause diseases are causes the development of inflammation. The development of foot fungus is an unpleasant phenomenon, which can significantly spoil the life of any person.
Caused by fungal disease and damage to the skin. Grazes, scratches and cuts, not to mention the open sores – all of this is the entry point for all infections. And if a healthy person is able to cope with the fungus, immunocompromised persons, each wound can cause disease. The fungus penetrates into the skin, multiplies and causes considerable discomfort for its existence. In more extreme cases, fungus on the feet can go on the skin of the feet and legs, causing serious illness.
The factors that cause the development of fungal infections:
Foot fungus is a common problem of people that visit the public baths and sauna. A hot, humid room – the perfect breeding ground for fungus and re-establish themselves on the skin of the individual. The infection can be in the pool and on the beach. In any place where you have to walk barefoot or to use someone else's (public) shoes the risk of fungus infection multiplies.
When visiting bath, the sauna or the beach, don't forget a change of footwear.
Observed, that a fungal disease of the skin of the feet and nails are more common in people with excess body weight. Fungal infections also occur in diabetes and other metabolic diseases. The fact that such diseases, which suffer the blood circulation of the lower extremities. Small scratches in diabetes heal long enough and is the perfect gateway for fungal infections. The fungus between the fingers is a frequent companion of the elderly due to age-related declines in immunity.
It looks like the toe fungus? Signs of the disease is difficult to replace with something else, and an experienced doctor for diagnosis enough one look at the patient. Typical symptoms, in order to identify the mold in the very early stage of its occurrence:
The symptoms can be very diverse. Some people have fungus between your toes, is manifested in the form of weeping sores. In some cases, the sores and cracks may be covered with a distinctive white or yellowish scales. Peeling sufficiently strong or slightly noticeable. Often between the toes there are areas of flaking and dead skin.
A typical symptom of fungal infection is itching, but its severity can be very different. For someone itching becomes very painful accompaniment of the disease, while in others, the fungus causes only mild discomfort. Skin when fungal infections are usually red, are possible signs of scratching. All these features allow you to accurately identify the fungus and to distinguish it from other skin diseases.
Fungal infection between the toes, very often in combination with the defeat of nails. The typical nail fungus looks like this:
Upon detection of the first signs of fungal infection should visit a doctor.
Foot fungus usually starts between the third, fourth and fifth toes, but may spread across the foot. Ulcers, chapped and humidity are the typical symptoms of progressive fungal infection. Itching in this variant of the disease is quite strong. Ulcerative form occurs most often in the background of stress, as well as when wearing uncomfortable and ill-ventilated shoes.
In some cases, the fungus causes not only cracking and weeping ulcers. With the development of a fungal infection can cause small blisters filled with clear or cloudy fluid. This way the skin swells and reddens. Over time, the bubbles burst and in their place arise a shallow depression. Ulcers, very painful and very slow to heal. Scarring is not normal. This form of fungal infection is called highly erosive.
In the erased form of the disease the skin changes are not so much. In chronic diseases of the skin, peel off only in certain areas. In the first place is the peeling and roughness of the skin. Gradually the skin becomes more rough, has a characteristic yellow color. Over time, the process, you can go for the drumstick, thigh and gluteal region.
In order to identify fungus on your feet, just carefully inspect the skin of the foot, interdigital spaces and nails. Typical signs of the disease allow us not to doubt the diagnosis. If you want to find out what the fungus lives on the skin, you need to take a scraping from the affected area and sending the material for the lab. Bacteriological culture of the material allows you to accurately determine the causative agent. The results of the survey will be ready in a few days, then the doctor can begin to treat the fungal infection.
Fungus treatment between toes starts with the choice of antimycotic drugs. All funds that can be used to treat infection, medicines are divided into General and local action. Local therapy used in the early stages of the disease, when the fungal infection involves only the skin between the fingers. Also the drug of the local action widely used in combined injury to the nail.
A wide range of medicines, allowing you to select the right medication for almost any situation. Determine the antimycotic funds should dermatologist. Self-healing in this situation may lead to a deterioration, because the wrong drug is able to speed up the progression of the disease. In addition, many antifungal medicines have a large number of contraindications and may cause serious injury.
What tools help with foot fungus? With the defeat of the interdigital folds are best to use creams and ointments. We must not forget that the skin on this area is quite thin. Sloppy action can damage the space between the toes and cause infection. Ointment or cream should be used with caution in a thin layer over the cracks and sores. Processing must capture not only the impact of the fungus but the skin 2-3 cm around the city. It is necessary to destroy the elements of the fungus in places yet healthy skin.
What is better to use from the foot fungus ointment or cream? The choice depends entirely on the shape of the disease. The ointment is recommended for use on dry and scaly skin. Penetrate deep into affected area and effectively fights with the fungus, brought to the chronic form. The ointment can be applied under the bandage for the drug, which are penetrated into the deeper layers of the skin.
Please consult with your doctor in what form of medication you should choose.
For the treatment of fungal infections the cream should be under expressed exacerbation of the disease. Itching, oozing, ulceration and erosion – here the direct indications for the use of the cream. The cream is quickly absorbed into the skin almost without leaving traces on clothes. Preparations in the form of a cream does not penetrate into deep layers of the skin and are not used in severe peeling of the skin.
A lot of medications that eliminate the fungus on the feet, which are available in two forms. Dermatologists advise to apply the ointment at night, to enhance the effect of the tools on the dry and thick skin. The cream can be used daily to eliminate the wound and humidity, as well as under a dress. Unlike the cream, the ointment is absorbed much worse and often leaves bad marks on the washable underwear.
What drugs you can cure the fungus between your toes? The choice of tools depends on the identified pathogen. The most commonly used antimycotic drug on the basis of econazole, ketoconazole, terbinafine, and other substances. Many drugs allow you to heal not only the fungus, but a bacterial infection, so can be used in mixed lesions of the skin on the legs.
Treatment of fungus on the feet can be not only topical agents. In some cases, doctors prescribe the resources that affect the entire body. Systemic treatment may be required when lesions of the interdigital spaces, with more at the same time, and in the case of the transition process on the nail and the foot. In my practice, dermatologists most often used tools on the basis of fluconazole and Itraconazole. All these preparations effectively relieve itching and inflammation and promote the secretion of the main symptoms of fungal infection.
Systemic antimycotic agents have several limitations. These medications very often the cause for the development of adverse reactions:
Long-term treatment of the foot fungus systemic medication can cause a serious damage of the entire organism. This is the reason why it is so important that these funds are appointed only the doctor, after a complete review. The duration of therapy and dose of medicines that are selected on the basis of current infections and the presence of different comorbidities of the patient.
Important point: the course of treatment of systemic antimycotic drugs must be brought to the end! Should not stop taking medications without urgent needs. Incomplete therapy can lead to development of drug resistance. In the future, to get rid of the mutated fungus, and for achieving a recovery will be difficult.
Is it possible to cure foot fungus folk remedies? It is believed that non-traditional treatment methods are really able to relieve itching and eliminate the other symptoms of fungal skin and nail. A good remedy for athlete's foot, is considered, Kombucha. This plant was introduced from Japan in the last century, and for many years, enjoying great popularity. A small piece of the Kombucha in the interdigital spaces twice a day for one month. The course of treatment, if necessary, can be repeated after a fortnight break.
To eliminate the fungus also applies to propolis and tea tree oil. Treat fungus on your feet, it is possible with the help of baking soda dissolved in hot water (1 tablespoon of baking soda to 3 gallons of water). Solution treat the affected areas of the skin and nail twice a day. It should be noted that to treat fungus folk remedies can only in the early stages of the disease. In more extreme cases, when the fungus struck the entire skin of the feet and nails should always consult with a physician.
Treatment for fungus between the toes of traditional or folk remedies – a long and complicated process. Or it is possible to prevent the development of mold? To prevent infection of the skin meters will assist the following recommendations:
When the first signs of fungi between the toes, consult your doctor.