Advanced forms of nail fungus and to stop treated much harder and longer. At this stage, the disease requires perseverance and considerable costs on the part of the patient and continuously monitor the patient's condition from a dermatologist.
Fungal infections are most common diseases. According to statistics, every fourth inhabitant of the earth is facing this problem. Very often there is a fungal infection of the nails of the hands and feet (onikhomikozy).
The danger of the disease is that many people do not take nail fungus seriously and not in a hurry to address to the doctor. Eventually the disease progresses and can lead to unpleasant consequences: complete loss of the nail and the overall decline in immunity, due to poisoning of the organism by toxic substances produced by fungi in the process of life.
Contamination no one is immune, as the causative fungal infections are everywhere, and can long remain in the environment even in the most adverse circumstances. There are many different types of fungal microflora in humans does not produce immunity to them and even after the treatment is a high risk of re-infection.
Pathogens fungi resistant to many drugs, so the treatment of onychomycosis is difficult and long process, which requires a holistic approach. System for the treatment of advanced forms of nail fungus includes external products (creams, solutions, lotions, sprays, lacquers) and antimycotic drugs in tablet form, used methods of physical therapy, folk remedies and other alternative techniques. The only way to cope with the infection and achieve full recovery.
The main reason for the lack of timely treatment is patient satisfaction and a reluctance to seek medical. The initial stage of nail fungus will go unnoticed, and most patients (especially men) do not pay attention to the color change of the nail plate and other related symptoms. At the same time, the infection is dormant, the fungus microflora quickly breeds, toxins the bloodstream, spread throughout the body and undermine health.
Over time change the structure of nails, they become brittle, start to flake and crumble, deform and thicken. The skin around the nail is inflamed, scaly, red, painful sensations appear, burning and itching. The legs begin to assume an unpleasant odor and a person realizes that not only facing a cosmetic problem, but a serious disease that requires proper care.
At this stage to deal with the fungus much more difficult than the early stages of the disease. Treatment is long and complex, and not always it ends in complete recovery. However, to solve the problem is necessary, otherwise the progression of onychomycosis lead to dire consequences.
Usually, the causative agents of onychomycosis include yeast, fungi or dermatophytes. In addition, the disease may cause a combination of several types of fungi, bacteria different. How is the infection?
Infection with a fungus of the family, if one of its representatives ill onychomycosis. In this case, the infection is transmitted during contact or when sharing towels, bedding and other household items.
Swimming pool, baths, sauna, water park, gym and other public places where warm and humid climate and a large number of people has elevated, so as in such places the conditions are favorable for reproduction of the fungus. Fungal spores have long been considered the surfaces, railings, benches, the floor, so you get infected, this is the easiest.
Wearing tight and uncomfortable shoes made of synthetic materials also contribute to cross-contamination. These shoes are not breathable, and promotes increased sweating, causing the inside to create a moist environment where fungi multiply rapidly and easily penetrate the tissue through abrasions, cracks and calluses on the surface of the foot.
Infectious agents can expect about: railing on public transport, door handles, during the fitting the shoe shop or hair salon.
It is therefore important to observe the basic rules of personal hygiene and to use as a prophylactic to prevent infection.
The infection is rooted in the body, which needs favorable conditions. These are: decreased immunity, chronic diseases, stress, accidents, unhealthy lifestyle. The combination of these factors weakens the body and makes it particularly susceptible to fungal infection.
The effects of advanced forms of onychomycosis
Advanced forms of nail fungus and the toes can cause the following complications:
The running form of fungal infection is dangerous because the toxins of pathogenic micro-flora, negatively affect the functioning of vital systems of the body. onychomycosis is a danger, not only the patient, but his family members and surrounding people, because the fungus is contagious, and it is easily transmitted from an infected person. Therefore, it is important to begin treatment and take preventive measures to prevent the spread of the disease.
Advanced forms of nail fungus are accompanied by characteristic symptoms characteristic of that particular species of fungus. The defeat of the nail plate causes a number of dermatophytes, fungi.
Dermatophytes. Such nail fungus is the most common infection occurs through the use of common household items and contact with an infected person. The fungus most often first affects the skin of the foot, and then moves onto the nails. The nail plate shows spots and transverse stripes, it turns yellow, delaminate, become brittle and porous. Over time the nail thickens, becomes deformed and begins to crumble.
The yeast fungi. The first signs of a fungal infection are redness and inflammation of the nail shaft, accompanied by painful sensations. In most cases this type of fungal infection occurs in people whose immune system is weakened and affects the nail plate of the hands. Early stages of the disease nail changes color, becomes yellowish. As the progression of the infection, the nail plate may become brown, to brown or even black. The nail becomes thinner, it becomes wavy, easy to crumble and break away. Over time, it fell short of the nail bed and continue the transition to disease of the running phase may be accompanied by a complete loss of the affected nail.
Mold fungi. Get infected by this type of fungus in places with high humidity. Favorable conditions for the development of mold fungi are eating disorders the nail plate caused by certain illnesses or injuries. With the development of infection, destruction of the nail takes place both inside and outside. At the same time the wafer surface spots, reminiscent of the mold, and the nail becomes yellow, green or black. It will change the structure, becomes porous, brittle, the nail thickens and crumbles, it looks painful cracks.
Advanced forms of nail fungus causes severe itching, inflammation, peeling skin between the toes, and the smell. At this stage the treatment of advanced forms of nail fungus should be comprehensive. The treatment program is chosen by the doctor individually and includes antifungal medicines, tablets and external products (creams, lotions, sprays, solutions). In addition, the specialist may prescribe ozone therapy, laser-therapy, or send the hardware nail treatment.
In the complex therapy of fungal infection, based on the application of the following areas:
The Laser treatment. Treatment of advanced forms of the fungus-laser is a modern procedure, which is considered the most effective and safe. The laser beam immediately destroys the bacteria and spores, fungi and treats the affected area so thoroughly that recovery is enough 3-4 procedures, which are performed at intervals of one month. No drug to date can compare to the laser on the degree of efficiency and speed to achieve the desired result.
During the procedure, the laser beam progressively heats the nail plate, radiating to the short-pulse area. Heating is done the temperature is 47°, this value guarantees the death of dermatophytes and other pathogenic fungi.
Laser treatment can not be used in the presence of infection and skin diseases, diabetes, cancer, pregnancy and lactation. Another drawback of the procedure is high cost, so this treatment is not available for each patient.
Ozone -. In the method of micro injections around the nail plate preparation with the ozone mixture. Such a micro-injection to the end of the inflammatory process, prevent reproduction of the fungus and increase immunity. Treatment of advanced forms usually prescribed 10 sessions of ozone therapy.
Hardware procedure. During hardware processing of the affected toenail, remove the top affected layer using an electromechanical device, equipped with special nozzles. The course of treatment depends on the extent of damage to nails and consists of 3-10 sessions.
With extensive damage to the nail plate in some cases, only mechanical removal, nail. This is the most radical method of treatment and it is used for the ineffectiveness of other treatments.
The operation is performed under general anesthesia or under local anesthesia. Removal of the nail plate — a painful option, it requires a long recovery, and it is fraught with several complications. So, during the procedure, damaged nail bed, which further leads to the fact that the healthy nail begins to grow incorrectly.
In addition, surgery does not guarantee the absence of recurrence of the disease. Currently, this method is rarely used, experts are trying to cope with the infection more gentle way.
When an advanced form of nail fungus traditional methods and means, which are used only as a supplement to the basic treatment and agree their use with your doctor. Here are the most popular folk recipes: